• warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 1554.
  • warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 1557.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 1004.
  • warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 1004.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 679.
  • warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 679.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.

4a. Il-mitħna tax-Xarolla u l-oqbra li nsabu fil-madwar (miktub bil-Malti)

Kitba ta' C. Rolé

 

Kelmtejn dwar l-imtieħen tar-riħ

Sa mill-eqdem żminijiet, il-bniedem dejjem ra kif ħa jagħmel l-aqwa użu miċ-ċereali u l-frott sabiex jgħinuh jikkumbatti l-ġuħ u l-mard. Fost dawn iċ-ċereali, wieħed issib il-qamħ. Iżda biex dan il-qamħ ikun tajjeb għall-ikel, dan għandu jiġi mitħun. B'dan il-mod, il-bniedem seta' joħloq il-ħobż u l-ftajjar u b'hekk ikollu provista aħjar ta' ikel. Biex il-bniedem ikun jista' jidħan dan il-qamħ b'inqas tabatija, inħolqot il-mitħna tar-riħ (Kunsill Lokali Żurrieq, 2003).

 

l-istorja ta' l-imtieħen tar-riħ toħodna lura għal żminijiet imbegħda ħafna. Fil-fatt, fil-Bibbja nsibu referenza għall-imtieħen imsejħa tal-mixi. Dawn l-imtieħen kienu jkunu f'kamra kbira msaqfa fuq il-ħnejjiet. F'nofsha kien ikun hemm ġebla tonda taż-żonqor, ċatta fl-art u miċ-ċentru  tagħha għal mas-saqaf kien ikun hemm zokk ta' siġra oħxon li miegħu kien ikun hemm ġebla kbira, tonda u wieqfa. L-ġebla ta' fuq kienet iddur fuq dik ta' isfel u b'hekk kien jiġi mitħun il-qamħ u jsir dqiq (Kunsill Lokali Żurrieq, 2003).

 

L-imtieħen tar-riħ kif jafuhom missirijietna dehru għall-ewwel darba fl-Ewropa tal-Lavat, ġewwa l-Greċja u t-Turkija għal nofs is-seklu tnax. Lejn it-tieni nofs tas-seklu tlettax, dawn l-imtieħen bdew jidru ukoll f'pajjiżna, tant li mal-miġja tal-Kavallieri ta' l-Ordni ta' San Ġwann fl-1530, f'Malta kien hawn 42 mitħna. Il-Gran Mastru Cotoner wera interess kbir f'dawn l-imtieħen u kien iqishom bħala mezz tajjeb biex jaqla' l-flus. Fl-1674 twaqfet il-fondazzjoni Cotoner u din bidet ix-xogħol fuq il-bini tar-riħ f'Bormla, Ħaż-Żebbuġ, in-Naxxar, iż-Żurrieq u tnejn fil-Floriana. Aktar tard, din il-fondazzjoni bniet imtieħen tar-riħ f'Ħal-Lija, iż-Żejtun, il-Gudja u t-tnieni mitħna f'Ħaż-Żebbuġ. Fl-1724, il-fondazzjoni Manoel bniet bosta mtieħen oħra, fosthom waħda fir-Rabat, fil-Għargħur, oħra fiż-Żurrieq u waħda bejn iż-Żejtun u Ħal Għaxaq (DOI, 2005).

 

Maż-żmien, ħafna minn dawn l-imtieħen twaqqgħu, u oħrajn baqa' biss il-binja tagħhom. Iżda waħda minn dawn l-imtieħen, dik tax-Xarolla fiż-Żurrieq għadha teżisti fl-istat oriġinali tagħha wara li ġiet irestawrata f'żewġ fażijiet: l-ewwel waħda wara l-1998 u t-tieni bejn l-2004 u l-2005 (DOI, 2005). Sfortunatament, din il-mitħna reġgħet ġarbet ħsarat estensivi fl-2009, meta nħakmet minn maltempata qawwija ħafna.

 

L-istorja tal-mitħna tax-Xarolla.

Il-mitħna tax-Xarolla nbniet fi żmien l-Ordni ta' San Ġwann u hija waħna mill-erba' mtieħen li fl-antik kienu jiprovdu l-qamħ lir-raħal taż-Żurrieq u l-inħawi tiegħu. Din il-mitħna tissejjaħ tax-Xarolla minħabba li l-parti tar-raħal li tinsab fiha jġib dan l-isem. Il-mithna tax-Xarolla hija wahda mit-8 imtiehen tal-Fondazzjoni Manoel, u giet mibnija fuq art tal-gvern, propju mill-Gran Mastru Manoel De Vilhena fl-1724. Il-kompless kollu ta' din il-mitħna jikkonsisti f'intrata, żewġ swali tawwalin fil-ġnub, knontrantrata, bitħa bi kċina fuq in-naħa ta' wara u bitħa kbira b'maqjel fil-ġemb (Kunsill Lokali Żurrieq, 2003).

 

Fl-1946, il-Gvern ta' dak iż-żmien iddeċieda li jirranġa l-mitħna minn barra minħabba li minn ġewwa, il-makkinarju kien għadu fi stat tajjeb ħafna. Għaldaqstant, Sid il-Mitħna tal-Qala, Għawdex tqabbad jagħmel l-antenni u t-tiswijiet kollha li kien hemm bżonn. Iżda b'xorti ħażina, l-antenni waqgħu waqt maltempata kbira li saret fl-1979. Wara dan l-inċident, din il-mitħna ġiet abbandonata kompletament u maż-żmien waqgħet f'idejn il-Gvern Malti (Kunsill Lokali Żurrieq, 2003).

 

Aktar tard, din il-mitħa waqgħt f'idejn il-Kunsill Lokali taż-Żurrieq u fl-1998 ġiet irrestawrata mill-ġdid (DOI, 2005) F'Ottubru ta' l-istess sena, il-makkinarju tal-mitħna rega' beda jahdem, tant li gie mithun il-qamħ. L-amministrazzjnoni tal-mitħna għada sal-lum il-ġurnata f'idejn il-Kunsill Lokali taż-Żurrieq u qiegħda tiġi użata wkoll bħala post kulturali, fejn fiha jsiru wkoll xi wirjiet u attivitajiet interessanti għall-pubbliku (Kunsill Lokali Żurrieq, 2003).

 

Fdalijiet arkeoloġiċi

Madwar il-Gżejjer Maltin, wieħed jista' jsib numru ta' fdalijiet ta' qobra li jmorru lura għal diversi mijjiet ta' snin. Fost dawn il-fdalijiet, insibu wkoll xi fdalijiet ta' qobra biswit l-mitħna tax-Xarolla. Dawn il-fdalijiet instabu f'Awwissu tal-1926 u wara xi skavi nistab li d-daħla tagħhom tinsab ħdejn il-ħajt tal-Mitħna. Xi snin wara inkixef wkoll qabar mħaffer fil-blat u li fih kien hemm xi fdalijiet umani kif ukoll xi fuħħar li jmur lura as-7 seklu Qabel Kristu (Guillaumier, 1987).

F'dawn l-oqbra nstabu wkoll xi elementi arkitettoniċi interessanti li rari jinstabu f'oqbra oħra madwar il-gżira (Kunsill Lokali Żurrieq, 2010). 

 

 

Referenzi:

 

Department of Information (2005.). Wirja permanenti dwar l-imtieħen tar-riħ. Available at http://www.doi.gov.mt/EN/press_release/2005/02/pr0282.asp. Accessed on Sunday, 21st February, 2010.

Guillaumier, A. (Ed) (1987). Iż-Żurrieq f'Bliet u Rħula Maltin. 35, (pp. 953 - 971).

Valletta: Valletta Publishing and Promotions Co Ltd.

Kunsill Lokali Żurrieq (2003.). Noti miġbura mill-Kunsill Lokali relatati ma' dan l-artiklu.

Kunsill Lokali Żurrieq (2010.). L-istorja tal-lokalità Available at: http://www.lc.gov.mt/Page.aspx?catid=62&pid=220. Accessed on 12th May, 2010.

 


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