• warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 1554.
  • warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 1557.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 1004.
  • warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 1004.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 679.
  • warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 679.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
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  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2756.
  • warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/zparish/public_html/modules/event/event.module on line 2757.

4a. Mattia Preti u l-konnessjoni tiegħu mar-raħal tagħna (mibtub bil-Malti)

Kitba ta' C. Rolé

Mwieled fl-1613 ġol-belt żgħira ta' Taverna ġewwa Calabria, Mattia Preti kien ukoll magħruf bħala Il Cavalier Calabrese. Mattia Preti huwa kkonsidrat bħala pittur b'ideat oriġinali ħafna li kultant jafu jkunu wkoll xi ftit differenti minn dak li kien meqjus normali għaż-żminijiet li għex fihom. Infatti, huwa kemxejn difiċili biex tqabbel l-istil tiegħu ma' dak ta' xi skola ta' arti partikulari. Minkejja dan, ħafna drabi Preti huwa assoċjat ma' l-iskola t'arti Napoletana jew ma' dik ta' Caravaggio (Zuffi, 1999). Huwa mifhum li Mattia Preti beda' l-istudji tiegħu fl-arti taħt l-idejn ta' Givanni Batista Caracciolo, minfejn l-artist seta' ħa l-interess tiegħu lejn l-istil ta' Caravaggio (Napoli, 1999). Bejn l-1653 u l-1660, Mattia Preti mar jaħdem ġewwa Napli fejn it-teknika tiegħu ġiet influenzata minn Luca Giordano. F'Napli, Preti ħalla bosta biċċiet t'arti, fosthom numru ta' affreski u ex-voto relatati mal-pesta fejn fihom l-Preti penga Il-Madonna u l-qaddisin jeħilsu lin-nies mill-pesta. Wieħed għadu jista' jammira żewġ abozzi ta' dawn l-affreski fil-mużew ta' Capodimonte ġewwa Napli (Clifton, 1994).. Matul l-waqfa tiegħu ġewwa Napli, Preti ġie wkoll ikkumisjonat biex jieħu ħsieb ix-xogħol ta' kostruzjoni, skultura u nduratura tan-navi u l-parti transversa tal-Knisja ta' San Pietru ġewwa Maiella (Napoli, 1999).  

 

Xi snin wara, Preti mar jagħmel xi xogħolijiet ġewwa Ruma fejn hu sar Kavallier ta' Ubidjenza fi ħdan l-Ordini Sovran u Militari ta' San Ġwann (1642). Fl-1659, waqt żjara ġewwa il-Gżejjer Maltin, Preti żar il-Katidral ta' San Ġwann li dak iż-żmien kien għadu qed jiġi mżejjen. Aktar tard, Preti nagħta t-titlu ta' Kavalier ta' Grazja wara li dan irregala pittura ta' Santa Katerina lil knisja ddedikata lilha ġewwa l-Belt Valletta. Fl-1661, il-Gran Mastru Raphael Cottoner infroma lil Kinsill ta' l-Ordni ta' San Ġwann li Fra Mattia Preti offra li jpitter u jindura minn butu s-sqaf tal-Katidral ta' San Ġwann (Buttugieg, 2000). Il-Kunsill talab lil Preti biex iħejji sett ta' abozzi u wara li ġew eżaminati bir-reqqa, Preti ġie ikumisjunat dan ix-xogħol (Debono, 2005). Ix-xogħol fuq is-saqaf tal-Katidral tlesta fl-1666 (Buttigieg, 2000).

 

Minbarra l-pittura ġewwa San Ġwann, il-Preti ħalla numru sabiħ ta' pitturi ġewwa r-raħal taż-Żurrieq

 

Il-pitturi ta' Mattia Preti ġewwa ż-Żurrieq

 

Il-knisja parrokkjali ta' Santa Katerina V.M. ġewwa ż-Żurrieq, hija waħda mill-eqdem knejjes fil-Gżejjer Maltin. Infatti, meta fl-1436 l-Isqof Senatore de Mello ġie kkumisjonat biex jagħmel inventarju tal-knejjes parrokkjali li kienu jinsabu f'Malta, hu għamel referenza għall-cappella di lu Zurrico (Zarb & Buhagiar, 1978). Minkejja l-fatt li l-knisja kienet ġa teżisti qabel l-1436, l-ewwel deskrizzjoni tagħha nsibuha fir-rapport tal-Monsinjur Pietro Dusina fl-1575 (Terribile, 2004).

 

Minħabba l-fatt li l-popolazzjoni ta' l-inħawi taż-Żurrieq  bdiet tiżdied, beda jinħass il-bżonn li tinbena Knisja parrokkjali ġdida. Il-bini tal-knisja l-ġdida beda fl-1632-3, taħt it-tmexxija ta' l-arkitet Dun Matteolo Saliba. Il-proġett ħa 25 sena biex tlesta (Mangion & Zerafa, 1986).

 

Ftit tas-snin wara li tlesta l-bini tal-knisja, preċisament fl-1676, faqqgħet il-pesta f'Malta. Tradizjoni ħelwa tgħid li Fra Mattia Preti, li kellu residenza estiva fiż-Żurrieq, ġie jgħix f'dan ir-raħal biex jaħrab  minn din l-infezzjoni letali, ikkawzata mill-mikrobu Yersinia pestis. Dan minħabba l-fatt li din l-infezzjoni faqqgħet bi ħruxija kbira fl-inħawi tal-Port il-Kbir. Madanakollu, m'għanda l-ebda' ċertezza storika li tindika li Preti għex fiż-Żurrieq biex jevita l-pesta. Il-konnessjoni bejn Preti u ż-Żurrieq biex jevita l-pesta. Il-konnessjoni bejn Preti u ż-Żurrieq però tidher cara fl-opri ta' arti tiegħu fil-knisja tagħna li sal-ġurnata tal-lum għadhom jitgawdu kemm miż-Żrieraq, kif ukoll minn bosta Maltin u barranin li jżuru r-raħal tagħna (Mangion & Spike, 1998).

 

Il-knisja oriġinarjament kienet tgawdi 8 opri ta' Preti, però sfortunatament minħabba l-ħruxija tal-gwerra, l-pittura tal-Madonna tar-Rużarju ġiet meqruda waqt air raids (Mangion & Spike, 1998).

 

l-ewwel pittura li għamel Mattia Preti għall-knisja ta' Santa Katerina kienet dik tal-martirju ta' San Stiefnu (1662-1663). Din il-pittura kienet waħda mill-ewwel kumissjonijiet independenti li kellu l-pittur wara l-wasla tiegħu f'Malta fl-1661. Il-lum il-ġurnata, din il-pittura tinsab fuq wieħed mill-artali tal-ġemb tal-knisja. Ix-Xogħol kollu ġie kkumisjonat u mħallas minn Bartholomew Magri (Mangion & Spike, 1998).

 

Aktar tard, Mattia Preti ġie kkumissjonat biex jagħmel opra ta' arti oħra, dik ta' Sant'Andrija (1665-1667). L-Isqof Buenos innota din il-pittura fir-rapport li għamel wara ż-żjara tiegħu fiż-Żurrieq. Il-lum il-ġurnata, din il-pittura tinsab ukoll fuq wieħed mill-artali tal-ġemb tal-knisja, liema artal ġie mħallas mis-sajjieda Żrieraq wara li l-kappella ta' Sant'Andrija ġewwa Bubaqra kienet ġiet magħluqa (Mangion & Spike, 1998).

 

 

L-Isqof Molina, waqt iż-żjara pastorali tiegħu ġoż-Żurrieq fl-1678, ddeskriva tnejn mill-pitturi ta' Mattia Preti bħala kapulavuri ta' livell artistiku fenomenali. Dan l-Isqof irrefera għal-pittura tal-martirju ta' Santa Katerina u l-pittura tal-Missier Etern. Dawn il-pitturi kienu jinsabu fuq l-artal tal-kor, fejn wieħed għadu jista' jgawdihom sal-lum il-ġurnata. Infatti, il-kwadru titulari tal-martirju ta' Santa Katerina huwa meqjus bħala wieħed mill-aqwa xogħolijiet li qatt għamel Preti (Mangion & Spike, 1998).

 

Bejn l-1667 u l-1669, Mattia Preti ġie kkumissjonat biex jagħmel tlett pitturi oħra. Waħda minn dawn il-pitturi hija dik tal-visitazzjoni ta' Santa Marija lil Santa Eliżabetta. F'din il-pittura naraw iffigurati wkoll lil San Tumas d'Aquina u lil San Pawl l-eremita (Terribile, 2004). Din il-pittura tinsab ġewwa s-sagrestija. It-tieni pitttura hija dik ta' Santu Rokku, Basilju, Duminku u Nikola ta' Tolentino. Din ta' l-aħħar tħalset minn Domenico Camilleri ta' Casal Bubacra, u kienet ikkumissjonata meta l-pesta bdiet titfaċċa fir-raħal. Il-pittura saret bħala talba lil Alla sabiex it-tifriex ta' din l-infezzjoni tieqaf bl-intercessjoni ta' dawn il-qaddisin (Mangion & Spike, 1998). It-tielet pittura hija dik tal-Madonna tal-Grazzja li oriġinarjament kienet tinsab fuq l-artal ta' Santu Rokku (Terribile, 2004).

 

Mattia Preti ħalla numru kbir ta' xogħolijiet ta' arti mhux biss fil-gżejjer Maltin, iżda wkoll madwar l-Ewropa kollha. F'ħajtu, Preti kien influenżat minn Caravaggio, tant li t-teknika tiegħu tixbah ħafna lil dik ta'Caravaggio nnifsu. Għal Mattia Preti, il-pittura kienet l-qofol ta' ħajtu, mod ta' kif jersaq aktar lejn il-Mulej u ta' kif jferraħ lil dawk l-inqas ixxurtjati. Infatti, waħda mill-frażijiet l-aktar li kien jużha kienet dik ta':

 

"per voi dipingo, non avendo per me bisogno di nulla". (Taverna il bel paese, nd)

 

Referenzi:

 

Buttigieg, P. (2000.). Taghrif dwar il-Konkatidral ta' San Gwann. Zabbar (Malta): Veritas Press

Clifton, J. (1994). Mattia Preti's Frescoes for the city gates of Naples. Art Bulletin, 479 - 501

Debono, J. (2005.). Art and Artisans in St. John's and other churches in the Maltese islands c.a. 1650 - 1800. Gudja (Malta): Guttenberg Press.  

Mangion, A. & Spike, J. (1998.). Preti's Paintings for the Parish Church in Zurrieq In Manduca, J. (Ed) Treasures of Malta Vol. No. 1. Malta: Fondazzjoni Patrimonju Malti.

Mangion, A. & Zerafa, K. (1989.). Santa Katarina: il-festa u s-socjeta muzikalil taghha fiz-Zurrieq. Valletta: Peresso Printing Press.

Napoli, E. (1999). Mattia Preti: tra Roma, Napoli e Malta. Italy: Elemond Editori Associati.

Taverna..il bel paese.. (nd.). Mattia Preti. Avaialble at: http://tavernailbelpaese.wordpress.com-mattia-preti, Accessed on 19th July, 2010.

Terribile, T. (2004.). Tezori fil-knejjes Maltin: Hal Kirkop, l-Imqabba, il-Qrendi, Hal Safi u z-Zurrieq. Pieta: Publikazzjonijiet Indiendenza.

Zarb, S.M. & Buhagiar, M. (1978.). Saint Catherine of Alexandria: her churches, paintings and statues in the Maltese Islands. Valletta: Progress Press Ltd.

Zuffi, S. (1999). (Ed.) Baroque Painting: two centuries of masterpieces from the era preceding the dawn of modern art.  Italy: Elemond Editori Associati


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